Western Yarrow

Achillea millefolium - Yarrow
Sun, can work as ground cover to replace grass.

Vanilla leaf

Achlys triphylla - Vanilla leaf
Open woodland groundcover that spreads by rhizomes when happy. Fragrant vanilla scented leaves when crushed.

Pearly Everlasting

Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly everlasting
Sun, adaptable for clay. Flowers for fall and a butterfly host plant.

Red Columbine

Aquilegia formosa - Red columbine
Woodland, moist. Hybridizes freely with cultivars.


Armeria maritama - Thrift
Sun, dry habitats. Some moisture to persist in the Lower Mainland garden.

Goat's Beard

Aruncus dioicus [sylvester] var. acuminatus
Sun or shade, clay ok. Needs male and female plants to seed.

Wild Ginger

Asarum caudatum - Wild ginger

California aster

Aster chilensis - California aster

Deltoid Balsamroot

Balsamorhiza deltoidea - Deltoid Balsamroot

Arrowleaf Balsamroot

Balsamorhiza sagittata - Arrowleaf Balsamroot

Common harebell

Campanula rotundifolia - Common harebell
Sun, adaptable flowering into Autumn and seeds well.

Field chickweed

Cerastium arvense - Field chickweed

Yerba Buena

Clinopodium [Satureja] douglasii - Yerba Buena


Cornus unalaschkensis [canadensis] - Bunchberry
Can be tough to succeed. Requires acidic, well drained moist soil. Those who replicate these forest conditions will have a beautiful groundcover in several years time - they are slow to spread, but worth the wait.

Small flowered ladyslipper

Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum - Small flowered ladyslipper

Greater ladyslipper

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens - Greater ladyslipper
Native orchid. Woodland humus soils protected from winter rain and snow. Very difficult to seed and keep happy in Vancouver gardens.

Western bleeding heart

Dicentra formosa ssp. formosa
Spreading groundcover for the woodland garden.

Roundleaved sundew

Drosera rotundifolia - Roundleaved sundew
Annual bog plant that requires peaty, acidic soils in sun. Carnivorous

Subalpine daisy

Erigeron peregrinus - Subalpine daisy
A small, alpine daisy of sunny, moist habitats.

Showy daisy

Erigeron speciosus - Showy fleabane
Sun, adaptable. Larger showier flowers than Subalpine daisy. Deadhead in Fall for second bloom.

Wooly sunflower

Eriophyllum lanatum - Wooly sunflower
Sun, Deer resistant. Dry, well draining rocky areas.

Beach strawberry

Fragaria chiloensis - Beach strawberry
Sun, drought tolerant evergreen groundcover. Needs male and female plant for fruit.

Wood strawberry

Fragaria vesca - Wood strawberry
Shady wooded areas. Beautiful groundcover with small fruits.


Gaillardia aristata - Blanketflower
Sun, clay ok. Spreads aggressively by seed.

Rattlesnake plantain orchid

Goodyera oblongifolia - Rattlesnake plantain orchid
Shady humus soils, protected from moisture. Will spread over time.

Oregon gumweed

Grindelia stricta - Oregon gumweed
Sunny, dry habitats. Common seaside plant around Vancouver Island.

Helen's flower

Helenium autumnale var. grandiflorum - Helen's flower
Moist sun, good Fall bee plant.

White hawkweed

Heracium albiflorum - White hawkweed

Cow parsnip

Heracleum maximum - Cow parsnip
Great pollinator plant. Leaves may cause rashes.

Small-flowered Alumroot

Heuchera micrantha - Small-flowered Alumroot
GOE meadow component, crevices and tough spots.

Pacific waterleaf

Hydrophyllum tenuipes - Pacific waterleaf
Blue-listed woodlander, which thrives in moist woodland gardens.

Wild flag Iris

Iris setosa - Wild Iris
Sun, moist to wet habitats. Perfect 2ft showy iris that is great for the wetland garden.

Oregon Iris

Iris tenax - Oregon Iris
Lovely iris for the shady moist garden. Small, drought tolerant showy flowers.

Beach pea

Lathyrus japonicus - Beach pea


Linnaea borealis - Twinflower
Shady, moist acidic ground cover. Spreads by runners.

Bare stem Desert Parsley

Lomatium nudicaule - Bare stem Desert Parsley
Edible plant for sun and dry habitats.

Spring gold

Lomatium utriculatum - Spring gold
Long bloom for pollinators. Needs moisture to persist in Lower mainland gardens.

Large leaved lupine

Lupinus polyphyllus - Large leaved lupine

False Solomon's seal

Maianthemum [Smilacina] racemosa - False Solomon's seal
Open spaces and woodland edges, medium sized attractive plant.

Starry Solomon's seal

Maianthemum [Smilacina] stellata - Starry Solomon's seal
Open spaces and woodland edges, medium sized attractive plant.

False lily of the valley

Mainthemum dilatatum - False lily of the valley

Yellow Monkeyflower

Mimulus guttatus - Yellow Monkeyflower
Wet sunny streamsides at low elavations. Long blooming and easily divisible. Yellow faced bumblebees seem to love the flowers.

Pink Monkeyflower

Mimulus lewisii - Pink Monkeyflower
Wet sunny streamsides, Alpine flower colour tends to fade out in lower altitudes in Lower Mainland.


Mimulus moschatus - Muskflower
Wet sunny streamsides. Plant seems to get slimy after flowering. Previously had pleasant aroma hence common name, but has lost this trait.

Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa- Wild Bergamot
Sunny dry to moist meadows. Excellent pollinator plant. Eastern BC plant.

Small-leaved Montia

Montia parvifolia - Small-leaved Montia
Adaptable groundcover for moist or dry sunny garden.

Prickly pear Cactus

Opuntia fragilis - Prickly pear Cactus
Sunny, dry rocky areas. Interior B.C. and outer islands. Ours come from Pender Island. Very prickly.

Wood sorrel

Oxalis oregana - Wood sorrel
Very attractive clover leaves spread aggresively in watered setting. Limited to 2 sites on Van. Island in Canada

Davidson's penstemon

Penstemon davidsonii var. menziesii - Davidson's penstemon
Sunny rock garden plant. Will root readily from the nodes and cuttings.

Broad-leaved penstemon

Penstemon ovatus - Broad-leaved penstemon
Sunny spots in Lower Mainland gardens, otherwise open woodland at higher elevations. Spreads readily by seed, 2 years till flowering.

Cascade penstemon

Penstemon serrulatus - Cascade penstemon
Clay and winter wet ok, seeds well in garden settings.


Perideridia gairdneri - Yampah

Spreading Phlox

Phlox diffusa - Spreading Phlox
Sun in dry rocky areas. Tends to flower better with consistent moisture in spring.

Showy jacob's ladder

Polemonium pulcherrimum - Showy jacob's ladder
Sunny, well drained habitats. A cheerful rock garden plant.

Graceful Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis var. gracilis - Graceful Cinquefoil
Open meadows in sun, good bee plant. GOE Meadow component.


Potentillia arsenaria - Silverweed

Drops of Gold

Prosartes [Disporum] hookeri - Drops of Gold
Common in forests of Lower mainland.

Lesser spearwort

Ranunculus flammula - Lesser spearwort
Sunny wetlands, amphibious plant.

Western buttercup

Ranunculus occidentalis - Western buttercup
Open meadows in sun, GOE Meadow component.

Pacific sanicle

Sanicula crassicaulis - Pacific sanicle
GOE meadow component, dry shade. Flowers can be yellow or red, inconspicuous but great for pollinators.

Spotted saxifrage

Saxifraga bronchialis - Spotted saxifrage

Grassland saxifrage

Saxifraga integrifolia - Grassland saxifrage
Native saxifrage for the sunny meadow garden.

Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Sedum lanceolatum - Lance-leaved Stonecrop

Oregon stonecrop

Sedum oreganum - Oregon stonecrop
Sun, dry habitats. Will spread with moisture as an attractive groundcover.

Broad-leaved stonecrop

Sedum spathulifolium - Broad-leaved stonecrop
Sun, dry to moist, pollinators love blooms. GOE Meadow component.

Henderson's Checkermallow

Sidalcea hendersonii - Henderson's Checkermallow
Moist sunny, wet sites. Red listed in B.C.

Golden-eyed grass

Sisyrinchium californicum - Golden-eyed Grass
Will spread in more partially shady, wet sites.

Blue-eyed grass

Sisyrinchium idahoense - Blue-eyed Grass
Will spread in moist sunny sites but adaptable to dry gardens also. Good fall flowers for pollinators.

Calada goldenrod

Solidago lepida - Calada goldenrod

Douglas Aster

Symphyotrichum [Aster] subspicatus - Douglas Aster
Moist sunny, wet sites. Flowers tend to open and die the same day.


Tellima grandiflora - Fringecup

Western Meadowrue

Thalictrum occidentale - Western meadowrue
Open woodland plan that needs both male and female plants to seed.


Tiarella trifoliata var. trifoliata - Foamflower
Woodland dry shade that forms a dainty groundcover reminiscent of seafoam waves.

Western false Ashphodel

Tofieldia glutinosa - Western false Ashphodel

Piggyback Plant

Tolmiea menziesii - Piggyback Plant
Woodland shady forest. Multiplies with daughter plants. Makes a great houseplant.

Broad-leaved starflower

Trientalis latifolia - Broad-leaved starflower
Forests and woodland groundcover that spreads slowly. Beautiful starry flowers that age pink.

Springbank Clover

Trifolium wormskjoldii - Springbank Clover
Sunny moist to wet meadows. Excellent native clover that spreads by rhizome.

Purple trillium

Trillium kurabayashii - Purple trillium
Woodland large trillium.

Western trillium

Trillium ovatum - Western trillium
Open woods or streambanks throughout Vancouver. Seedlings take up to 6 years to flower.

Brook wakerobin

Trillium rivale - Brook wakerobin
Rare trillium requiring sharply draining soil and humus to persist in garden settings. More common on Vancouver Island.

Inside-out Flower

Vancouveria hexandra - Inside-out Flower
Shady woodlands on the dry side. Drought tolerant groundcover once established.

Early blue violet

Viola adunca - Early blue violet
Sunny slopes and meadows. Small bright blue flowers are host plant for native butterflies. Very easy to establish in the watered garden.

Stream violet

Viola glabella - Stream violet
Woodland violet that will spread over time in moist conditions. Host plant for native butterflies.

Marsh violet

Viola palustris - Marsh violet
Bog violet.

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Hilary Leung is baby girl love


Tapertip Onion

Allium acuminatum - Tapertip Onion
Sunny, drought tolerant onion of rock gardens and sharp draining slopes. Garry oak meadow component.

Nodding Onion

Allium cernuum - Nodding Onion
Edible small onion of sunny well draining slopes. Garry oak meadow component, range restricted to Vancouver Island in Canada.

Slimleaf Onion

Allium amplectans - Slimleaf Onion
Rare native onion of dry, sunny locations. Easy to divide and propagate.
Sunny, drought tolerant onion of rock gardens and sharp draining slopes. Garry oak meadow component.


Anemone multifida - Windflower
Sun meadows of high altitudes. Attractive seedheads used by native bees for nesting material.

Harvest Brodiaea

Brodiaea coronaria - Harvest Brodiaea
Sunny, dry slopes and meadows. Garry oak meadow component.

Great camas

Camassia leichtlinii ssp. leichtlinii - Great camas
Sunny slopes and wet clay ok. Bright blue flowers attract beneficial pollinators. Seeds aggressive in happy setting. Garry oak meadow component.


Camassia quamash - Common camas
Sunny slopes and meadows. Bright blue flowers attract beneficial pollinators. Hardy to more drier environments. Garry oak meadow component.

Menzie's larkspur

Delphinium menziesii - Menzie's larkspur
Inhibitor of other species. Garry oak meadow.

White shooting star

Dodecatheon dendatum ssp. dendatum - White shooting star
Riperian habitats and streamsides.

Henderson's shooting star

Dodecatheon hendersonii
Sunny, dryish meadows. Garry oak meadow.

Pretty shooting star

Dodecatheon pulchellum - Pretty shotting star
Sun, more tolerant of wet places. Garry oak meadow.

White fawn lily

Erythronium oreganum - White fawn lily
Adaptable in open woodland or slopes. A patient bulb that requires many years from seed to flower. Garry oak meadow.

Pink fawn lily

Erythronium revoltum - Pink fawn lily
Riperian bulb that prefers moisture and shade. A patient bulb that requires many years from seed to flower.

Kamchatka Fritillary

Fritillaria camschatcensis - Kamchatka Fritillary
Short flowering for sun or open slopes, doesn't like competition. Can divide bulblets.

Chocolate lily

Fritillaria affinis [lanceolata] - Chocolate lily
Sun or open slopes, flowers tend to come every other year from mature plants. Can divide bulblets. Garry oak meadow.

Satin Flower

Olsynium [Sisyrinchium] douglasii - Satin Flower
Sunny, well drained slopes. Early flowering sometimes still snowcrested. Common name comes from the way sunlight passes through the inflorescence like satin.

Tiger lily

Lillium columbianum - Tiger lily
Requires year round moisture to persist. Difficult to keep happy in garden setting.

Hyacinth brodiaea

Triteleia Hyacinthina - Hyacinth brodiaea
Sun, clay tolerant and adaptable.Garry Oak Meadow component.